What is healthy eating?

What is healthy eating?

What is healthy eating?

When we think about what healthy eating is, the first idea that comes to mind is that we will have to eat only salad to avoid excessive calorie intake and the consequent weight accumulation.

Although the consumption of vegetables is essential, this concept does not encompass all the characteristics that make a diet balanced.

A good diet is related to the intake of the necessary nutrients to supply our daily demands, but, even more importantly, the focus must be on the foods that offer us these substances.

After all, the benefits of a healthy diet do not come from these isolated components, but from the combination of nutrients in a food or meal, considering from the different forms of preparation to the cultural and social dimension of a dish.

Thus, according to the Ministry of Health, food must meet the following criteria to be considered healthy:

Criteria for healthy eating

  1. Valuation of cultural aspects

The preferences and eating habits of each social group must be taken into account for a healthy diet, that is, it must include foods, forms of preparation and dishes that are common and appreciated according to the culture of a society.

  1. Guaranteed access and flavor

Unlike what is often imagined, healthy eating does not need to include expensive or difficult to access items, nor does it need to consist of meals with little flavor. On the contrary: it must be based on fresh foods that are widely available and that allow nutritious and tasty combinations.

  1. Variety of foods

The ingestion of different types of food is essential to offer all the nutrients necessary for the proper functioning of the body.

  1. Color diversity

This criterion contributes to a varied diet and encourages the ingestion of healthy items, mainly fruits and vegetables.

  1. Harmony between foods

The harmony of the food concerns the quantity and quality of the food consumed, in order to supply the nutritional needs while respecting the cultural and social aspects of the food.

  1. Security

Finally, healthy eating needs to meet safety requirements and not offer risks related to physical, chemical or biological contamination.

How to have a healthy diet: know the food pyramid

Considering the criteria established by the Ministry of Health, the diet can be considered healthy when it contains fresh or minimally processed, varied, tasty, nutritious and safe foods. In addition, they must be consumed in the correct proportions so that there is no lack or excess of any nutrients.

It was from these concepts that the food pyramid was developed, a graphic representation of the foods that are part of a healthy diet. For this, these foods are divided into 8 groups distributed over 4 floors, indicating the proportion with which they should be consumed. Watch:

Image: IFTM

The pyramid must be read from the bottom up, so that the foods on the lower floors are those that should be consumed in greater quantities:

  • Group 1:at the bottom of the pyramid is the group of foods rich in carbohydrates such as  brown rice ,  potato ,  sweet potato ,  potato, parsley ,  parsnip ,  green corn ,  quinoa , oats, cereals, bread and pasta;
  • Group 2:on the second floor, the vegetable group brings greens and  vegetables , including lettuce, cabbage, broccoli, endive, pumpkin,  beets , carrots, chayote, etc .;
  • Group 3:fruits and natural juices complement the vitamins, minerals and antioxidant substances supplied by vegetables in group 2;
  • Group 4:the third floor of the pyramid has foods that provide proteins. Thus, in group 4, we have milk and its derivatives, such as cheese and yogurt, which are still a source of calcium;
  • Group 5:with  beef ,  pork ,  poultry , fish and eggs, group 5 is the richest in protein, but should be consumed in moderation because it is a source of cholesterol;
  • Group 6:to finish the protein stage, this group includes legumes (such as  beans ,  lentils ,  chickpeas  and  soybeans ) and oilseeds (such as chestnuts and nuts). These foods provide vegetable protein, that is, cholesterol-free;
  • Group 7:at the top of the pyramid, there is the group of oils and fats, which includes butter, vegetable oils and olive oil. Because they are very caloric, they should be consumed in small amounts;
  • Group 8:sharing the top floor with the group of oils and fats, the group of sugars and sweets contains foods such as refined sugar, brown sugar, chocolates and other treats that should also be consumed in moderation.

To have a healthy diet, all groups must be consumed throughout the day, always respecting the proportions. Therefore, no group should be totally excluded, and substitutions should be made between foods of the same type.

Thus, based on the food pyramid, a diet of 2,000 kcal per day, which is recommended for adults without health problems, should consist of the following portions:



Calories per serving

Daily Servings


Cereals, breads, roots and tubers

150 kcal



Vegetables and vegetables

15 kcal




70 kcal



Milk, cheese and yogurt

120 kcal



Meat, poultry, fish and eggs

190 kcal



Legumes and oilseeds

55 kcal



Oil and fat

75 kcal



Sugar and candies

110 kcal


In addition, it is important that these foods are divided into three main meals (breakfast, lunch and dinner) and three intermediate meals (morning snack, afternoon snack and supper).

Benefits of healthy eating

Following a healthy diet is one of the main pillars to ward off the risk of disease and maintain a good quality of life. Thus, by offering nutrients in the correct proportions to your body, you enjoy a series of benefits, for example:

  • Weight loss and maintaining a healthy weight:a balanced diet, based on fruits and vegetables, whole grains and lean proteins, offers the number of calories necessary to maintain body functions without causing weight gain;
  • Good bowel function: inaddition to preventing constipation, fibers favor beneficial bacteria in the intestine (probiotics), which reduces inflammatory processes and prevents diverticulitis and colorectal cancer;
  • Diabetes prevention and control:by having a healthy weight, the risk of developing type 2 diabetes is reduced. In addition, a balanced diet with a high fiber content helps to control the blood sugar level;
  • Protection of cardiovascular health:because it is rich in antioxidants and low in cholesterol, a healthy diet helps to protect the heart and blood vessels, preventing strokes, heart attacks and other cardiovascular problems;
  • Prevention and fight against cancer: while ultra-processed foods are rich in chemical additives that overload the body, a healthy diet offers important vitamins, minerals and antioxidants to prevent and fight different types of cancer;
  • Improved mood and memory: substances such as vitamins C, D and E, omega-3, flavonoids and polyphenols, which are found in a healthy diet, contribute to the fight against depression and to the proper functioning of cognitive and memory functions .

As you can see, having a healthy diet goes far beyond just eating salad. Likewise, the benefits from this habit are also much broader than just weight control.

Source (s):  Ministry of Health [1]  and  [2]  and  Anad


 It is important that you know that our “Young After 40” E-book is not a substitute for professional and specialized monitoring by a doctor or nutritionist, we even recommend in the e-book that you always seek a doctor or nutritionist before starting any diet. , exercise or diet change, thus avoiding future problems.

Natural ways to look younger after 40

Do you want to look younger even after 40? Do you want to know some natural ways to reverse your age? Do you still want a healthy and fresh look as you were in 20? Well, you are reading the right article as we will tell you some natural ways to look younger. We will not tell you any surgical method to look younger. To know about natural, healthy, and anti-aging tips, you must stay with us till the end.

We can use a cream on our face or dye our hair to look younger, but our body should also match it. So to look younger, one has to work on the whole body. It includes a healthy diet, a stress-free life, exercise, and many others. Here are the ways you must try to look younger.

  1. Work on body improvement

As we grow old, our skin starts loosing, and we see signs of aging. It is necessary to work on the body to improve body shape and strength. Some people get lots of fats and look older. The first thing to look young is to maintain your body shape.

Exercise is the best way to eliminated stubborn fats from your body. Exercise is also helpful in boosting human growth hormones to keep the body healthy. The collagen production process boosts with any kind of exercise, and it makes your skin look younger. Exercise also prevents body skin from sagging, which is an important sign of aging.

  • Say good bye to stress.

Stress plays a vital role in aging. When a person is in stress, the heartbeat becomes abnormal, and the body’s system experiences unhealthy changes. Cortisol increases in the body due to stress for an extended period. Cortisol breaks down the process of collagen production in our body and causes aging. Therefore, a stress-free life is important to get a healthy and young look.

  • Eat plenty of protein and healthy fats.

Food has a vital role in a healthy life. To look healthy, fresh, and younger, one must take care of the diet. Healthy fats like Omega-3 fatty acids found in salmon, walnut, and seeds improve your bone health, keep your mood happy, and stop your skin from getting wrinkles. We should follow a balanced diet full of proteins, grains, fruits, lentils, and vegetables. A balanced diet keeps the skin youthful and radiant.

  • Pamper your face

No doubt, a face creates a fist impression on someone. If your face will older than your age, you will look older no matter what your actual age is. One must take great care of the face to keep it fresh and younger. Here are some tips to pamper your face.

  • Use a cleanser that contains alpha hydroxyl acids. It stimulates skin cells and prepares skin for better absorption of moisturizing products.
  • Use an anti-aging cream or serum daily at night. Anti-aging serums have anti-oxidants and vitamins. They help in preventing wrinkles and even your skin tone.
  • Use a moisturizer for your skin. It is better to use a cream that moisturizes the skin deeply.
  • Remove dead skin cells by exfoliating your skin and get a natural glow on your face.
  • Get a proper sleep

Proper sleep is needed for a healthy life, and it also affects your appearance. The people who do not take proper sleep habits have more aging signs than those who have good sleeping habits. An adequate sleep provides your skin a chance to recover after being out in the sun. Poor sleep decreases the ability of the skin to recover sun affects and contributes to aging. Therefore, 6 to 8 hours of sleep is needed for a healthy and younger look.

 These are some natural ways to slow down the process of aging from inside out. Stay healthy and young by eating a healthy diet, getting a night of proper sleep, and doing exercise. Don’t allow your body to get aging signs.